Does social media use influence attentional bias to body-related cues in females?
MetadataShow full item record
Literature has suggested that social media has an influence on decreasing self-esteem and confidence in females. Social media is covered with images of female bodies, more so the unrealistic portrayal of thin ideals. Majority of users spend their time viewing what others share which results in a vast amount of social comparison. This has led to many females suffering from body dissatisfaction, especially individuals with eating disorders. Elevated levels of body dissatisfaction have been related to higher attentional bias to body image stimuli. Research has focused predominantly on attentional bias in clinical patients with eating disorders. Whilst this is beneficial, there is little experimental research conducted on attentional bias in non-clinical females. This study aims to fill the gap in literature by carrying out an experimental study measuring the influence of social media on attentional bias to body-related cues in non-clinical females. More visually based social media platforms have been used to extend research. Psychology students (n=36) completed a social media usage questionnaire to establish a score. This was then followed by a visual dot probe task which included fat, thin and neutral stimuli. Participants were grouped into high or low social media usage using a median split. The data was analysed using a 2 – way ANOVA, which measured any main effects between the two social media groups. Findings demonstrated that there was no significant interaction of social media on stimuli type. However, there was a significant effect of social media on attentional bias to body-related cues in high social media users. This matched the predicted hypothesis.
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
Exploring the impact of social media consumption and body dissatisfaction on the attentional bias to body stimuli Lloyd-Baker, Katie Elizabeth (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2017-06-01)Literature suggests that individuals with eating disorders have an attentional bias to body related stimuli. Attentional bias also appears in females without eating disorders, but who have elevated levels of body ...
A Critical Evaluation of the Impact of Social Media on the Wedding Aspirations of Young Females Aged 18-35 Poulakis, Eleni (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2015)A research project was undertaken in order to investigate the extent to which social media has an influence on young females wedding aspirations. Social media is playing an increasing role in the millennial generation's ...
Jones, Cerys (2018-05-01)Past literature suggests that regularly viewing Instagram and fitspirational imagery, causes increased body dissatisfaction in 18-24-year old women (Carrotte, Vella and Lim, 2015). Specifically, Instagram attracts young ...