Exploring Theory of Mind and Visual and Spatial Working Memory in Typically Developing Adults with High Levels of Autistic Traits
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Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is one of the most common diagnosis given across the UK and is characterised as having profound difficulties within a person’s social interaction and executive control. Although links between theory of mind and autism have been often investigated in those with autism, little research has been conducted on a subclinical level. The present study was carried out with the aim of discovering whether theory of mind, verbal and spatial working memory can predict levels of autistic traits within typically developing adults. Through conduction of two multiple regression analyses the main findings support the notion that theory of mind can be used to negatively predict levels of autistic traits. It was also found that spatial working memory is a high negative predictor of theory of mind, whereas verbal working memory had little predictive value. This suggests that spatial working memory can indirectly be used to predict levels of autistic traits.
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