Initial Validation of the Teacher-Created Empowering and Disempowering Motivational Climate Questionnaire in Physical Education
Appleton, Paul R.
Duda, Joan L.
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Purpose: Guided by Duda’s hierarchical conceptualization of the motivational climate that draws from self-determination and achievement goal theories, this study provides initial evidence of the psychometric properties of the Empowering and Disempowering Motivational Climate Questionnaire in physical education (EDMCQ-PE). Method: Questionnaire based with two samples of Welsh secondary school pupils. Results: Exploratory structural equation modeling provided a better fit of the data to the hypothesized model than confirmatory factor analysis. Moreover, a two-factor composite (i.e., empowering and disempowering) lower-order model provided an acceptable fit and clear parameter estimates. This two-factor model also demonstrated scalar gender measurement invariance. Discussion: The evidence from this study suggests the EDMCQ-PE is a promising scale for the assessment of secondary school pupils’ perceptions of the empowering and disempowering features of the motivational climate created by their physical education teachers. Conclusion: Moving forward, the statistical approach employed in this paper can inform future studies that develop questionnaire methodology in physical education and from an applied perspective; the EDMCQ-PE can be used by researchers and teachers to assess the motivational climate in PE and help inform the pedagogy underpinning teachers’ classes.
Journal of Teaching in Physical Education;
Milton, D., Appleton, P.R., Bryant, A. and Duda, J.L. (2018) 'Initial Validation of the Teacher-Created Empowering and Disempowering Motivational Climate Questionnaire in Physical Education', Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 20, pp.1-12. https://doi.org/10.1123/jtpe.2018-0119
Article published in Journal of Teaching in Physical Education available ahead of print at https://doi.org/10.1123/jtpe.2018-0119
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))
- Sport Research Groups 
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