CrossTalk proposal: Blood flow pulsatility in left ventricular assist device patients is essential to maintain normal brain physiology
Stöhr, Eric J.
Willey, Joshua Z.
The Physiological Society
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For the first time in history, some humans live without a palpable pulse (Purohit et al. 2018). This remarkable physiology is the consequence of surgical implantation of a continuous‐flow left ventricular assist device (CF‐LVAD) in patients with end‐stage heart failure. Blood flow produced by CF‐LVADs has a low oscillatory profile in the aorta that results in significantly reduced pulsatility in all arterial compartments (Castagna et al. 2017; Fig. 1). Despite remarkable gains in quality of life and longevity, complications that affect not only morbidity, such as gastrointestinal bleeding, but also mortality, such as strokes, are still prevalent in CF‐LVAD patients. Low pulsatility has been proposed as a major culprit in contributing to these adverse events (Mancini & Colombo, 2015; Goldstein et al. 2018). In this CrossTalk proposal, we present the current arguments in favour of maintaining an appropriate amount of arterial pulsatility, in particular in the cerebral circulation, to lower risk in these patients.
The Journal of Physiology;
Stöhr, E.J., McDonnell, B.J., Colombo, P.C. and Willey, J.Z. (2018) 'CrossTalk proposal: Blood flow pulsatility in left ventricular assist device patients is essential to maintain normal brain physiology', The Journal of Physiology. https://doi.org/10.1113/JP276729
Article published in The Journal of Physiology, available at https://doi.org/10.1113/JP276729
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))
This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska‐Curie grant agreement No 705219.
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