Sex differences in elbow and wrist joint loading during the cartwheel and round off with different hand positions performed by young gymnasts
Wiltshire, Huw David
Taylor and Francis
Wedi’i wahardd nes
MetadataDangos cofnod eitem llawn
The aim of the study was to determine if sex differences exist in the key elbow and wrist joint injury risk factors during different cartwheel (CW) and round-off (RO) techniques performed by young male and female artistic gymnasts. Sixteen active young gymnasts (8 males and 8 females) performed 30 successful trials of CW and RO with three different hand positions (parallel (10), T-shape (10) and reverse (10)). Synchronised kinematic and kinetic data were collected for each trial. Two-way repeated measures ANOVA (3 × 2, technique × sex) and effect-sizes (ES) were used for statistical analysis. In conclusion, female gymnasts exhibited greater normalised peak vertical ground reaction forces (VGRF), elbow and wrist compression forces and elbow internal adduction moments during CW and RO skills compared with male gymnasts. In both sexes, the parallel and reverse techniques increased peak VGRF, elbow and wrist compression forces and the elbow internal adduction moment. Increased elbow flexion resulted in decreased peak VGRF, elbow compression forces and elbow internal adduction moment. Injury risk factors including elbow extension and internal adduction moment with axial compression force suggest that a CW and RO in reverse and parallel techniques can be hazardous especially for young female gymnasts.
Journal of Sports Sciences;
Farana, R., Strutzenberger, G., Exell, T., Skypala, J., Wiltshire, H. and Irwin, G. (2019) ‘Sex differences in elbow and wrist joint loading during the cartwheel and round off with different hand positions performed by young gymnasts’, Journal of Sports Sciences, pp.1-8. DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2019.1565110.
Dynodwr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2019.1565110
Article published in Journal of Sports Sciences on 11 January 2019 (online), available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2019.1565110.
This work was supported by the Grantová Agentura České Republiky [16-14133Y].
- Sport Research Groups 
Yn dangos eitemau sy’n perthyn drwy deitl, awdur, pwnc a chrynodeb.
Technique selection in young female gymnasts: Elbow and wrist joint loading during the cartwheel and round-off Farana, Roman; Exell, Timothy; Strutzenberger, Gerda; Irwin, Gareth (Taylor & Francis, 2018-01-17)Biophysical loading of the elbow and wrist is a potential reason for chronic lesions in gymnastics and present a real concern for coaches, scientist and clinicians. Previous research has identified injury risk factors ...
Farana, Roman; Irwin, Gareth; Jandacka, Daniel; Uchytil, Jaroslav; Mullineaux, David (Elsevier, 2015)The aim of the present study was to conduct within-gymnast analyses of biological movement variability in impact forces, elbow joint kinematics and kinetics of expert gymnasts in the execution of the round-off with different ...
Technique selection ‘the coaches challenge’ influencing injury risk during the first contact hand of the round off skill in female gymnastics. Farana, Roman; Jandacka, Daniel; Uchytil, Jaroslav; Zahradnik, David; Irwin, Gareth (De Gruyter, 2017-03)The importance of technique selection on elbow injury risk has been identified for the key round off skill in female gymnastics, with a focus on the second contact limb. The aim of this study was to shift the focus to the ...