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dc.contributor.authorFarana, Roman
dc.contributor.authorStrutzenberger, Gerda
dc.contributor.authorExell, Timothy
dc.contributor.authorSkypala, Jiri
dc.contributor.authorWiltshire, Huw David
dc.contributor.authorIrwin, Gareth
dc.date.accessioned2019-02-05T10:28:32Z
dc.date.available2019-02-05T10:28:32Z
dc.date.issued2019-01-11
dc.identifier.citationFarana, R., Strutzenberger, G., Exell, T., Skypala, J., Wiltshire, H. and Irwin, G. (2019) ‘Sex differences in elbow and wrist joint loading during the cartwheel and round off with different hand positions performed by young gymnasts’, Journal of Sports Sciences, pp.1-8. DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2019.1565110.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1466-447X
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10369/10267
dc.descriptionArticle published in Journal of Sports Sciences on 11 January 2019 (online), available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2019.1565110.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe aim of the study was to determine if sex differences exist in the key elbow and wrist joint injury risk factors during different cartwheel (CW) and round-off (RO) techniques performed by young male and female artistic gymnasts. Sixteen active young gymnasts (8 males and 8 females) performed 30 successful trials of CW and RO with three different hand positions (parallel (10), T-shape (10) and reverse (10)). Synchronised kinematic and kinetic data were collected for each trial. Two-way repeated measures ANOVA (3 × 2, technique × sex) and effect-sizes (ES) were used for statistical analysis. In conclusion, female gymnasts exhibited greater normalised peak vertical ground reaction forces (VGRF), elbow and wrist compression forces and elbow internal adduction moments during CW and RO skills compared with male gymnasts. In both sexes, the parallel and reverse techniques increased peak VGRF, elbow and wrist compression forces and the elbow internal adduction moment. Increased elbow flexion resulted in decreased peak VGRF, elbow compression forces and elbow internal adduction moment. Injury risk factors including elbow extension and internal adduction moment with axial compression force suggest that a CW and RO in reverse and parallel techniques can be hazardous especially for young female gymnasts.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the Grantová Agentura České Republiky [16-14133Y].en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherTaylor and Francisen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Sports Sciences;
dc.titleSex differences in elbow and wrist joint loading during the cartwheel and round off with different hand positions performed by young gymnastsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2019.1565110
dcterms.dateAccepted2018-12-31
rioxxterms.versionAMen_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2019-01-28
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2020-07-11


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