Adenine and benzimidazole-based mimics of REP-3123 as antibacterial agents against Clostridium difficile and Bacillus anthracis: Design, synthesis and biological evaluation
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As part of our ongoing research efforts to develop new antibacterial agents acting on novel molecular targets, a series of twenty-two adenine and benzimidazole-based mimics of the lead compound REP-3123 was designed to target methionyl-tRNA synthetase of Clostridium difficile and Bacillus anthracis based on a homology model. Structures of the target compounds were elucidated by means of 1H and 13C NMR spectral data and their purity was confirmed by HRMS or microanalyses. The target compounds were tested for their in vitro antibacterial activity against those two challenging organisms by the microdilution method in brain heart infusion broth. Unfortunately, six of the target compounds were not biologically tested due to inadequate solubility in DMSO under the assay conditions. Only the fluoro-substituted adenine-based sulfamide (18) showed activity against C. difficile with an MIC of 85.33 μg/mL. The adenine-based thiourea (32) and diamine (36) were the most promising antibacterial agents against B. anthracis with an MIC of 92.16 μg/mL. The rest of the tested compounds either showed inferior activity (MIC = 102.4 μg/mL) or were totally inactive. Although the compounds were not very active, the biological data are employed as a basis for our currently underway investigation for structure optimization.
Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University;
Eissa, A.G., Blaxland, J.A., Williams, R.O., Metwally, K.A., Sobhy, M., Lashine, E.S.M., Baillie, L.W. and Simons, C. (2016) 'Adenine and benzimidazole-based mimics of REP-3123 as antibacterial agents against Clostridium difficile and Bacillus anthracis: Design, synthesis and biological evaluation', Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, 54(2), pp.197-207. DOI: 10.1016/j.bfopcu.2016.06.002.
Article published in Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University on 29 June 2016 (online), available open access at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bfopcu.2016.06.002.
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