A Novel, Fast, Reliable, and Data-Driven Method for Simultaneous Single-Trial Mining and Amplitude—Latency Estimation Based on Proximity Graphs and Network Analysis
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Both amplitude and latency of single-trial EEG/MEG recordings provide valuable information regarding functionality of the human brain. In this article, we provided a data-driven graph and network-based framework for mining information from multi-trial event-related brain recordings. In the first part, we provide the general outline of the proposed methodological approach. In the second part, we provide a more detailed illustration, and present the obtained results on every step of the algorithmic procedure. To justify the proposed framework instead of presenting the analytic data mining and graph-based steps, we address the problem of response variability, a prerequisite to reliable estimates for both the amplitude and latency on specific N/P components linked to the nature of the stimuli. The major question addressed in this study is the selection of representative single-trials with the aim of uncovering a less noisey averaged waveform elicited from the stimuli. This graph and network-based algorithmic procedure increases the signal-to-noise (SNR) of the brain response, a key pre-processing step to reveal significant and reliable amplitude and latency at a specific time after the onset of the stimulus and with the right polarity (N or P). We demonstrated the whole approach using electroencephalography (EEG) auditory mismatch negativity (MMN) recordings from 42 young healthy controls. The method is novel, fast and data-driven succeeding first to reveal the true waveform elicited by MMN on different conditions (frequency, intensity, duration, etc.). The proposed graph-oriented algorithmic pipeline increased the SNR of the characteristic waveforms and the reliability of amplitude and latency within the adopted cohort. We also demonstrated how different EEG reference schemes (REST vs. average) can influence amplitude-latency estimation. Simulation results revealed robust amplitude-latency estimations under different SNR and amplitude-latency variations with the proposed algorithm.
Frontiers in Neuroinformatics;
Dimitriadis, S.I., Brindley, L., Evans, L.H., Linden, D.E. and Singh, K.D. (2018) 'A Novel, Fast, Reliable, and Data-Driven Method for Simultaneous Single-Trial Mining and Amplitude—Latency Estimation Based on Proximity Graphs and Network Analysis', Frontiers in Neuroinformatics, 12. DOI: 10.3389/fninf.2018.00059.
Article published in Frontiers in Neuroinformatics on 19 November 2018, available open access at: https://doi.org/10.3389/fninf.2018.00059.
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))
SD and DL were supported by MRC grant MR/K004360/1 (Behavioural and Neurophysiological Effects of Schizophrenia Risk Genes: A Multi-locus, Pathway Based Approach). SD is supported by a MARIE-CURIE COFUND EU-UK research fellowship. Data acquisition and curation was supported by the National Centre for Mental Health (NCMH), a collaboration between Cardiff, Swansea and Bangor Universities funded by Welsh Government through Health and Care Research Wales. This work was supported by the MRC Partnership Grant MR/K005464/1.
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