Categorisation of Tinnitus Severity for the Mandarin Tinnitus Questionnaire
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Background: The Tinnitus Questionnaire is commonly used to evaluate the psychological impact of tinnitus and has been translated into Mandarin. The original English version of the Tinnitus Questionnaire was translated into Mandarin (MTQ). The MTQ included not the same items compared with original version. Thus, MTQ should have its own severity categorization. Aims/objectives: The objective of this research was to develop a method to categorize tinnitus patients by clinical severity using scores from the Mandarin Tinnitus Questionnaire (MTQ). Material and Methods: A total of 192 participants with primary complaint of tinnitus were enrolled. Cross-tabulation was used to compare two categorization approaches of tinnitus severity. With the first approach, categories were assigned based purely on quartiles of MTQ scores. In the second approach, severity was determined based on Ordinal logistic regression. The two approaches were verified by comparing the consistency with clinical judgement. Results: Categorization based on quartiles showed low consistency with clinical assessment(kappa=0.33), while categorization based on ordinal logistic regression showed good consistency with clinical assessment(kappa = 0.86).Regression-based MTQ score cut-offs were <21 for no problem with tinnitus, 21-36 for mild tinnitus, 37-47 for moderate tinnitus, and >47 for severe tinnitus. Conclusions and significance: Tinnitus severity can be categorized accurately using ordinal logistic regression analysis of MTQ scores.
Ear, Nose and Throat Journal;
Meng, Z., Zhao, F., Chen, Z. and Zheng, Y. (2019) 'Categorization of Tinnitus Severity for the Mandarin Tinnitus Questionnaire', Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, p.0145561319853256. DOI: 10.1177/0145561319853256.
Article published in Ear, Nose and Throat Journal on 14 June 2019 (online), available open access at: https://doi.org/10.1177/0145561319853256.
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))
This work was supported by the Sichuan Province Health Department(130100).
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