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dc.contributor.authorMoore, Isabel
dc.contributor.authorPhillips, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorAshford, Kelly
dc.contributor.authorMullen, Richard
dc.contributor.authorGoom, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorGittoes, Marianne J.R.
dc.date.accessioned2019-06-04T10:35:30Z
dc.date.available2019-06-04T10:35:30Z
dc.date.issued2019-06-17
dc.identifierhttps://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/id/47923/Moore%202019%20SJMSS_FOA_running.pdf
dc.identifier.citationMoore, I.S., Phillips, D.J., Ashford, K.J., Mullen, R., Goom, T. and Gittoes, M.R. (2019) 'An interdisciplinary examination of attentional focus strategies used during running gait retraining', Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 29(10), pp.1572-1582. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13490en_US
dc.identifier.issn0905-7188
dc.identifier.issn1600-0838 (online)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10369/10537
dc.descriptionArticle published in Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports on 17 June 2019, available at https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13490en_US
dc.description.abstractThe aim was to investigate the biomechanical, physiological and perceptual responses to different motor learning strategies derived to elicit a flatter foot contact. Twenty‐eight, rearfoot‐striking recreational runners (age 24.9±2.8 years; body mass 78.8±13.6 kg; height 1.79±0.09 m) were matched by age, mass and height and assigned to one verbal cue group: internal focus of attention (IF), external focus of attention (EF) and a clinically derived condition (CLIN) incorporating an IF followed by an EF statement. Participants completed two treadmill runs at 10 km.h‐1 for six minutes each: normal running (control) followed by the experimental condition (IF, EF or CLIN). Lower limb kinematics, oxygen consumption (V̇02 )and central and peripheral ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were recorded for each run. Compared to the control condition, foot angle was reduced in the IF (difference=5.86°, d=2.58) and CLIN (difference=3.00°, d=1.31) conditions, but unchanged in the EF (difference=0.33°, d=0.14) condition, whilst greater knee flexion at initial contact in the EF and CLIN conditions was observed (difference=‐5.19°, d=1.97; difference=‐3.66°, d=1.39, respectively). A higher V̇02 was observed in the CLIN condition (difference=‐4.56 ml.kg‐1.min‐1, d=2.29), but unchanged in the IF (difference = ‐1.87 ml.kg‐1.min‐1, d=0.94) and EF conditions (difference=‐0.37 ml.kg‐1.min‐1, d=0.19). All experimental conditions increased central and peripheral RPE (difference=‐1.08, d=0.54 and difference=‐2.39, d=1.33 respectively). Providing gait retraining instructions using an internally directed focus of attention was the most effective way to target specific changes in running kinematics, with no detrimental effect on physiological responses. Yet, perceptual effort responses increased regardless of the type of cue provided.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherWileyen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesScandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports;
dc.titleAn interdisciplinary examination of attentional focus strategies used during running gait retrainingen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.typeacceptedVersion
dcterms.dateAccepted2019-05-27
rioxxterms.funderCardiff Metropolitan Universityen_US
rioxxterms.identifier.projectCardiff Metropolian (Internal)en_US
rioxxterms.versionAMen_US
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13490
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2020-05-31
rioxxterms.publicationdate2019-06-17
dc.date.refFCD2019-06-04
rioxxterms.funder.project37baf166-7129-4cd4-b6a1-507454d1372een_US


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