The influence of thermoplastic thoraco lumbo sacral orthoses on standing balance in subjects with idiopathic scoliosis
Hutchins, Stephen W.
Vahab Kashani, Reza
Vahid Tari, Hossein
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Background: Idiopathic scoliosis patients have postural equilibrium problems. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess postural control in subjects with idiopathic scoliosis following a 4-month intervention in an unbraced position. Study design: Quasi-experimental. Methods: Eight healthy girls and eight girls with idiopathic scoliosis took part. A Kistler force platform was used with a frequency of 100 Hz for recording data. The center of pressure was recorded in different positions out of brace for scoliosis and healthy subjects. Test conditions were single limb and double limb stance, with eyes open and closed, and foam and rigid surfaces. Results: The data reflected a weak balance of idiopathic scoliosis subjects compared to healthy subjects. After 1 and 4 months of wearing the brace, center of pressure and center of gravity sway increased in the majority of the tests, although there were no significant differences in any of the test conditions (p > 0.05). While the center of pressure sway in medio-lateral direction decreased after 4 months of wearing a brace, in other variables center of pressure and center of gravity sway increased. Conclusion: Idiopathic scoliosis patients have weak balance in comparison to healthy subjects. In addition, following a period of 4 months of wearing a brace, balance parameters in the scoliosis subjects did not improve. The results show that we need more follow-up of orthoses wearing in idiopathic scoliosis subjects and suggest more studies at least 1-year follow-up to identify the efficiency of brace wear on balance. Clinical relevance: Scoliosis can alter postural stability and balance performance during quiet standing. Spinal deformity can alter a subject’s ability to compensate for postural changes and cause gait deviations. This study investigated balance differences between the healthy and idiopathic scoliosis patients and the results of thoraco lumbo sacral orthosis brace wear. It might provide some new insight into the conservative treatment of idiopathic scoliosis patients for clinicians and researchers.
Prosthetics and Orthotics International;
Khanal, M., Arazpour, M., Bahramizadeh, M., Samadian, M., Hutchins, S.W., Kashani, R.V., Mardani, M.A., Tari, H.V., Aboutorabi, A., Curran, S. and Sadeghi, H. (2016) 'The influence of thermoplastic thoraco lumbo sacral orthoses on standing balance in subjects with idiopathic scoliosis', Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 40(4), pp.460-466. DOI: 10.1177/0309364615589466.
Article published in Prosthetics and Orthotics International on 01 July 2015 (online), available at: https://doi.org/10.1177/0309364615589466.
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))
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