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dc.contributor.authorBruton, Adam M.
dc.contributor.authorShearer, David A.
dc.contributor.authorMellalieu, Stephen D.
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-05T13:51:08Z
dc.date.available2019-08-05T13:51:08Z
dc.date.issued2019-07-13
dc.identifier.citationBruton, A.M., Shearer, D.A. and Mellalieu, S.D. (2019) 'Who said “there is no ‘I’in team”? The effects of observational learning content level on efficacy beliefs in groups', Psychology of Sport and Exercise. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2019.101563en_US
dc.identifier.issn1469-0292
dc.identifier.issn1878-5476 (online)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10369/10682
dc.descriptionArticle published in Psychology of Sport and Exercise available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2019.101563en_US
dc.description.abstractObjectives To investigate the effects of individual-level observational learning (OLINDV), team-level observational learning (OLTEAM), and multi-level observational learning (OLMULTI) on efficacy beliefs, task cohesion, and performance across three studies in sports teams. Design Cross-sectional, experimental and single-case designs were employed across the three studies, respectively. Method Study 1 used a cross-sectional design to explore the predictive relationship between OLINDV and OLTEAM use, and collective efficacy and task cohesion in 210 team sports athletes. Study 2 used a repeated-measures experimental design to compare effects of OLINDV versus OLTEAM interventions on collective and self-efficacy in two soccer teams. Study 3 used a single-case A-A-B-B design to assess the effectiveness of OLMULTI interventions on self-efficacy, collective efficacy, task cohesion and performance in an elite age-grade rugby union team across a competitive season. Results In study 1, both OLINDV and OLTEAM use predicted collective efficacy, but only OLTEAM use predicted task dimensions of cohesion. In study 2, collective efficacy increased for both the OLINDV and OLTEAM interventions while self-efficacy increased only for the OLINDV intervention. In study 3, visual and effect size analyses indicated increased self-efficacy, collective efficacy task cohesion, and performance for the team during the off- and in-season intervention phases where the OLMULTI interventions were administered alongside usual sporting involvement (training sessions and/or competitive fixtures). Conclusions The novel findings of this investigation show that OLINDV, OLTEAM and OLMULTI interventions can enhance efficacy beliefs in practical contexts and warrant application in groups across domains.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesPsychology of Sport and Excercise;
dc.subjectsports teamsen_US
dc.subjectApplied interventionsen_US
dc.subjectMulti-level observational learningen_US
dc.subjectEfficacy beliefsen_US
dc.subjectMulti-studyen_US
dc.titleWho said “there is no ‘I’ in team”? The effects of observational learning content level on efficacy beliefs in groupsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2019.101563
dcterms.dateAccepted2019-07-12
rioxxterms.funderCardiff Metropolitan Universityen_US
rioxxterms.identifier.projectCardiff Metropolian (Internal)en_US
rioxxterms.versionAMen_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/under-embargo-all-rights-reserveden_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2021-01-13
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2021-01-13
rioxxterms.funder.project37baf166-7129-4cd4-b6a1-507454d1372een_US


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