The Consequences of Choking in Sport: A Constructive or Destructive Experience?
Hill, Denise M.
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Through an empirical phenomenological methodology, the study examined the short- and long-term consequences of choking in sport. Eleven intermediate golfers (10 male, 1 female; age 23–50 years, M = 34.6, SD = 8.9) with handicaps of 6–18 (M = 10.91, SD = 3.98) completed phenomenological interviews that explored the perceived psychological impact of their choking episode(s). While the reported short-term consequences were negative (i.e., collapse in performance standards, limited attention/emotional control, and negative affect), most participants thought the long-term impact of choking was constructive, for it encouraged adversity-related growth. However, a small number of golfers identified the long-term consequences as highly destructive, including a loss of self-confidence, withdrawal from the sport, and, in 1 case, lowered self-worth. The findings of the study extend the choking literature by informing strategies that can be used to encourage constructive, rather than destructive, consequences from any choking episode that athletes may experience.
Hill, D.M., Cheesbrough, M., Gorczynski, P. and Matthews, N. (2019) 'The consequences of choking in sport: a constructive or destructive experience?' The Sport Psychologist, 33(1), pp.12-22. DOI: 10.1123/tsp.2018-0070.
Article published in Sport Psychologist in March 2019, available at: https://doi.org/10.1123/tsp.2018-0070.
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))
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Hill, Denise M.; Hanton, Sheldon; Matthews, Nic; Fleming, Scott (Human Kinetics, 2010)This study explores the antecedents, mechanisms, influencing variables, and consequences of choking in sport and identifies interventions that may alleviate choking. Through the use of qualitative methods, the experiences ...
Hill, Denise M.; Hanton, Sheldon; Fleming, Scott; Matthews, Nic (Taylor & Francis, 2009)The purpose of this study was to re-examine choking in sport. Using a grounded theory approach (Glaser & Strauss, 1967), qualitative data were gathered from four “experts” of applied sport psychology, who had published ...
Hill, Denise M.; Carvell, Sarah; Matthews, Nic; Weston, Neil J.W; Thelwell, Richard R.C. (Elsevier, 2017-09-05)Objectives The aims of this study were twofold: first, to examine the role of self-presentation within the lived-experience of choking in sport; and second, to explore whether the 2 × 2 framework of self-presentation ...