Young athletes under pressure?
Stöhr, Eric J.
Cockcroft, John R.
BMJ Publishing Group
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Regular participation in exercise has long been known to result in cardiovascular adaptation. Historically, the ‘athlete’s heart’ hypothesis has encouraged a dichotomised view of the heart’s adaptation to sport, depending on whether the physical activity was either of isotonic activity (runners and swimmers) resulting in ‘cardiomegaly’ or of isometric effort (wrestlers and shot putters, ie, ‘strength’ athletes) with clear peripheral adaptations and an ‘obvious increase in cardiac size’. Today, the classification of sports according to their physiological demands acknowledges a greater diversity of exposure, depending on the physical activity, with an emphasis on a ‘graded transition’ between the main categories: dynamic, static and impact. Still, our understanding of the determinants of structural and functional cardiovascular adaptation to exercise are limited, and the consequences for health remain a matter of debate.
Stöhr, E.J., McDonnell, B.J. and Cockcroft, J.R (2019) 'Young athletes under pressure?', Heart, 105, pp.1217-1218. DOI: 10.1136/heartjnl-2019-315188.
Editorial published in Heart on 26 July 2019, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2019-315188.
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))