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dc.contributor.authorJeffers, Robert
dc.contributor.authorShave, Rob
dc.contributor.authorRoss, Emma
dc.contributor.authorStevenson, Emma
dc.contributor.authorGoodall, Stuart
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-22T15:18:49Z
dc.date.available2019-10-22T15:18:49Z
dc.date.issued2015-06
dc.identifier.citationJeffers, R., Shave, R., Ross, E., Stevenson, E.J. and Goodall, S. (2015) 'The effect of a carbohydrate mouth-rinse on neuromuscular fatigue following cycling exercise', Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 40(6), pp.557-564. DOI: 10.1139/apnm-2014-0393.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1715-5320
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10369/10798
dc.descriptionArticle published in Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism in June 2015, available at: https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2014-0393.en_US
dc.description.abstractCarbohydrate (CHO) mouth-rinsing, rather than ingestion, is known to improve performance of high-intensity (>75% maximal oxygen uptake) short-duration (≤1 h) cycling exercise. Mechanisms responsible for this improvement, however, are unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of a CHO mouth-rinse on cycling time-trial (TT) performance and mechanisms of fatigue. On 2 separate occasions, 9 male cyclists (mean ± SD; maximal oxygen uptake, 61 ± 5 mL·kg−1·min−1) completed 45 min at 70% maximum power output (preload) followed by a 15-min TT. At 7.5-min intervals during the preload and TT, participants were given either a tasteless 6.4% maltodextrin mouth-rinse (CHO) or water (placebo (PLA)) in a double-blind, counterbalanced fashion. Isometric knee-extension force and electromyographic responses to percutaneous electrical stimulation and transcranial magnetic stimulation were measured before, after the preload, and after the TT. There were greater decreases in maximal voluntary contraction after the TT in PLA (20% ± 10%) compared with the CHO (12% ± 8%; P = 0.019). Voluntary activation was reduced following exercise in both trials, but did not differ between conditions (PLA –10% ± 8% vs. CHO –5% ± 4%; P = 0.150). The attenuation in the manifestation of global fatigue did not translate into a TT improvement (248 ± 23 vs. 248 ± 39 W for CHO and PLA, respectively). Furthermore, no differences in heart rate or ratings of perceived exertion were found between the 2 conditions. These data suggest that CHO mouth-rinsing attenuates neuromuscular fatigue following endurance cycling. Although these changes did not translate into a performance improvement, further investigation is required into the role of CHO mouth-rinse in alleviating neuromuscular fatigue.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherCanadian Science Publishingen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesApplied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism;
dc.titleThe effect of a carbohydrate mouth-rinse on neuromuscular fatigue following cycling exerciseen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2014-0393
dcterms.dateAccepted2015
rioxxterms.funderCardiff Metropolitan Universityen_US
rioxxterms.identifier.projectCardiff Metropolian (Internal)en_US
rioxxterms.versionNAen_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2019-10-22
rioxxterms.funder.project37baf166-7129-4cd4-b6a1-507454d1372een_US


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