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dc.contributor.authorFarana, Roman
dc.contributor.authorJanezckova, Petra
dc.contributor.authorUcytil, Jaroslav
dc.contributor.authorIrwin, Gareth
dc.identifier.citationFarana, R., Janezckova, P., Uchytil, J. and Irwin, G. (2015) 'Effect of different hand positions on elbow loading during the round off in male gymnastics: A case study', Science of Gymnastics Journal, 7(2).en_US
dc.descriptionArticle published in Science of Gymnastics Journal on 01 June 2015, freely available at:
dc.description.abstractElbow lesions are a potential reason for ending a gymnastics career, and presents a real concern for coaches, scientist and clinicians. Previous research has focused on female gymnastics and as such the aim of the current study was to investigate key elbow joint injury risk factors including impact forces, elbow joint kinetics, and kinematics during different roundoff techniques in male artistic gymnastics. An international level active male gymnast performed 15 successful trials of a round-off from a hurdle step to back handspring with three different hand positions (parallel (5), T-shape (5) and reverse (5)). Synchronized kinematic (3Dautomated motion analysis system; 240 Hz) and kinetic (force plate; 1200 Hz) data were collected for each trial. Effect-size statistics determined differences between each hand position. The key conclusions were, the T-shape technique reduces vertical, anterior-posterior and resultant ground reaction forces. Differences in elbow joint internal adduction moment and elbow joint compression force indicated that the T-shape technique may prevent elbow joint complex overload and reduces potential of elbow injuries.en_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Ljubljanaen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesScience of Gymnastics Journal;
dc.titleEffect of different hand positions on elbow loading during the round off in male gymnastics: A case studyen_US
rioxxterms.funderCardiff Metropolitan Universityen_US
rioxxterms.identifier.projectCardiff Metropolian (Internal)en_US

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