Effects of a 12-Week Training Program on Isometric and Dynamic Force-Time Characteristics in Pre– and Post–Peak Height Velocity Male Athletes
Dobbs, Ian J.
Lloyd, Rhodri S.
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Literature shows that training children and adolescents can enhance strength and power irrespective of their stage of development; however, the development of the kinetic variables that underpin strength and power performance are typically unreported in youth training studies. Twenty-four pre– and 14 post–peak height velocity (PHV) male athletes were divided into maturity-specific experimental (EXP) and control groups (CON), with the EXP groups completing a twice-weekly, 12-week training program. Force-time characteristics during the isometric midthigh pull (IMTP), countermovement jump, and squat jump tests were quantified at both baseline and after the completion of the 12-week program. Alpha level was set at p < 0.05. No changes in total score for back-squat assessment were observed in any group (p > 0.05). Analysis of IMTP data revealed that only the post-PHV EXP group significantly increased absolute isometric peak force (PFabs) and peak rate of force development within the IMTP after training. Both EXP groups displayed significant increases in isometric PF at time epochs 0–90, 0–150, 0–200, and 0–250 ms. Data from the dynamic tests indicated that the pre-PHV EXP cohort improved concentric qualities as reflected by increased squat jump height and countermovement jump concentric power. There were no significant changes for any variables across all tests within either CON group (p > 0.05). Maturity-related differences in response to short-term training affects the kinetic variables associated with strength and power performance, but not movement competency in young male athletes.
Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research;
Dobbs, IJ, Oliver, JL, Wong, MA, Moore, IS, and Lloyd, RS. (2020) 'Effects of a 12-week training program on isometric and dynamic force-time characteristics in pre– and post–peak height velocity male athletes', Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003467
Article published in Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research available ahead of print at https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003467
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))
- Sport Research Groups 
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