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dc.contributor.authorZhao, Yuanxin
dc.contributor.authorZhao, Fei
dc.contributor.authorEl Refaie, Amr
dc.contributor.authorWang, Bochen
dc.contributor.authorChen, Danping
dc.contributor.authorChen, Kangsong
dc.contributor.authorLan, Tianxiang
dc.date.accessioned2020-02-06T15:11:02Z
dc.date.available2020-02-06T15:11:02Z
dc.date.issued2019-09-04
dc.identifier.citationZhao, Y., Zhao, F., El Refaie, A., Wang, B., Chen, D., Chen, K. and Lan, T. (2019) 'The Long‐term Effectiveness of Tinnitus Multivariate Integrated Sound Therapy (T‐MIST) in 148 tinnitus patients with normal hearing thresholds: Our initial experience', Clinical Otolaryngology, 44(6), pp.1156-1161.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10369/10917
dc.descriptionCorrespondence published in Clinical Otolaryngology available at https://doi.org/10.1111/coa.13426en_US
dc.description.abstract1. This preliminary study provides a combined sound therapeutic strategy (called T-MIST) for the management of tinnitus patients with normal hearing thresholds. It takes into account individual tinnitus characteristics and personal choices of sounds to provide an efficient intervention. 2. High-resolution pure tone audiometry was used to measure precise tinnitus pitch and loudness. A Residual Inhibition Test (RIT) was performed using narrow band noise matched to tinnitus frequency at 10 dB above perceived tinnitus loudness for 60 seconds. 3. Effectiveness of long-term sound therapy was evaluated using the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) at the pre-sound therapy assessment as well as at follow-up visits held at 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12- months. 4. T-MIST had a positive long-term effect on tinnitus patients with normal hearing thresholds. The RIT appears to be a useful indicator for short-term effectiveness of sound therapy intervention. However, the audiometric tinnitus loudness measures may be insufficient in describing an individual's reaction to sound therapy intervention. 5. These results should be interpreted with caution due to the preliminary nature of this study. Further studies should be conducted to explore more convincing benefits derived from this intervention for chronic tinnitus and the associated influencing factors using systematic approaches, such as randomized controlled trials, and comparisons of tinnitus patients with varying degrees of hearing loss.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherWileyen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesClinical Otolaryngology;
dc.titleThe Long‐term Effectiveness of Tinnitus Multivariate Integrated Sound Therapy (T‐MIST) in 148 tinnitus patients with normal hearing thresholds: Our initial experienceen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1111/coa.13426
dcterms.dateAccepted2019-08-28
rioxxterms.funderCardiff Metropolitan Universityen_US
rioxxterms.identifier.projectCardiff Metropolian (Internal)en_US
rioxxterms.versionAMen_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2020-09-04
dc.refexceptionThere was a delay in securing the final peer-reviewed text
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2020-09-04
rioxxterms.funder.project37baf166-7129-4cd4-b6a1-507454d1372een_US


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