Youth Motor Competence Promotion Model: A Quantitative Investigation into Modifiable Factors
Edwards, Lowri Cerys
MetadataShow full item record
Objectives: This study aimed to quantify the relationships between enabling, predisposing and reinforcing ecological factors on motor competence and investigate potential sex, weight status, and school level differences. Methods: Data were collected from 429 children (52% boys; aged 11.1±0.6 years; 87% white British). Cardiorespiratory fitness (20m Multistage Shuttle Run), muscular strength (Handgrip Strength) and online questionnaire (Child Health and Activity Tool; CHAT) data on moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, sport participation and available surrounding physical activity facilities were included as enabling variables. Three predisposing variables were determined from self-report data on benefits/barriers to exercise, adequacy, and predilection. Parental/guardian physical activity levels and persons whom participate in physical activity and sport with the participant (CHAT) were selected as reinforcing variables. Motor competence was determined from cumulative scores for Dragon Challenge tasks (Balance Bench, Core Agility, Wobble Spot, Overarm Throw, Basketball Dribble, Catch, Jumping Patterns, T-Agility, Sprint). Confirmatory Factor Analysis assessed the fit of measured variables into latent factors. Structural equation modelling evaluated relationships between these latent factors. Results: Motor competence was directly affected by the enabling factor (β=0.50, p<0.001) but indirectly affected by reinforcing and predisposing factors, mediated by the enabling factor (β=0.13, p=0.014; β=0.25, p=0.002). Multi-group comparisons showed that each of these effects did not differ by sex, weight status or school level (p>0.05). Conclusions: This study demonstrated that enabling factors are crucial for the development of motor competence. This is the first study to quantify an ecological model with motor competence as the endogenous variable and is key to future interventions.
Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport;
Tyler, R., Mackintosh, K., Foweather, L., Edwards, L. and Stratton, G. (2020) 'Youth Motor Competence Promotion Model: A Quantitative Investigation into Modifiable Factors', Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport.
Article published in Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport on 03 May 2020, available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2020.04.008.
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))
- Sport Research Groups 
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
The Effects of Strength and Conditioning in Physical Education on Athletic Motor Skill Competencies and Psychological Attributes of Secondary School Children: A Pilot Study Pullen, Ben J.; Oliver, Jon; Lloyd, Rhodri S.; Knight, Camilla (MDPI, 2020-10-17)Leading global physical activity guidelines advocate that young children need to engage in activities that strengthen musculoskeletal tissues and improve movement skill competency. The purpose of this study was to examine ...
The Influence of Maturity Offset, Strength, and Movement Competency on Motor Skill Performance in Adolescent Males Pichardo, Andrew; Oliver, Jon; Harrison, Craig; Maulder, Peter; Lloyd, Rhodri S.; Kandoi, Rohan (MDPI, 2019-07-09)This study aimed to examine the extent to which maturity offset, strength, and movement competency influences motor skill performance in adolescent boys. One hundred and eight secondary school boys completed anthropometric ...
Teachers' perceptions on the effectiveness of Write Dance as a method of improving handwriting skills Owen, Amy J (2009)This study was designed to research the perceptions of teachers on the effectiveness of 'Write Dance', a motor-sensory programme which integrates the whole body in the development of coordination of hands and fingers, ...