Youth Sports Participation And Health Status In Early Adulthood: 12-Year Follow-Up
Lloyd, Rhodri S.
Khoury, Jane C.
Dolan, Lawrence M.
Shah, Amy S.
Myer, Gregory D.
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Examining association between serial participation in youth organized sports (OS) and concurrent cardiometabolic risk factors, with long-term health status, will aid understanding the role of OS participation. Combining data from a prospective study and a follow-up survey, we aimed to determine association between youth OS participation and cardiometabolic risk factors with health and physical activity (PA) in young adulthood. Cardiometabolic risk factors were monitored yearly, and OS involvement through middle school, high school, and college, together with current status was recorded 12 years after the initial study began; 462 participants completed follow-up. Cardiometabolic risk factors included: body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure, total, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and triglycerides, fasting glucose and insulin. Participants continuing OS participation from middle to high school and/or college had significantly lower BMI/BMI z-scores [24.7 vs 27.4 (p<0.05) and 0.51 vs 0.82 (p<0.05), respectively] and significantly higher HDL [48.7 vs 45.4 (p=<0.05)] than those without OS participation after middle school. Waist circumference of females was significantly smaller in those who participated in OS from middle to high school and/or college (84.9cm) compared to those who had no OS (92.1cm), (p<0.05). Participants continuing OS from middle to high school and/or college reported significantly higher follow-up PA levels than those who had no OS after middle school (p<0.001). This study provides novel data showing serial participation in OS from middle to high school and/or college was associated with a superior cardiometabolic health profile in school and increased PA levels at 12-year follow-up.
Preventive Medicine Reports;
Logan, K., Lloyd, R.S., Schafer-Kalkhoff, T., Khoury, J.C., Ehrlich, S., Dolan, L.M., Shah, A.S. and Myer, G.D. (2020) 'Youth Sports Participation and Health Status in Early Adulthood: A 12-Year Follow-Up', Preventive Medicine Reports, p.101107.
Article published in Preventive Medicine Reports on 05 May 2020, available open access at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2020.101107.
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))
- Sport Research Groups 
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