The Effects of Strength and Conditioning in Physical Education on Athletic Motor Skill Competencies and Psychological Attributes of Secondary School Children: A Pilot Study
Pullen, Ben J.
Lloyd, Rhodri S.
MetadataShow full item record
Leading global physical activity guidelines advocate that young children need to engage in activities that strengthen musculoskeletal tissues and improve movement skill competency. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of delivering strength and conditioning as part of the physical education curriculum on athletic motor skill competencies (AMSC), physical performance, and psychosocial factors. Forty-six school children aged 11–14 were included in the study, and sub-divided firstly by sex and then into intervention and control groups. Intervention groups received nine lessons of strength and conditioning based activities over a six-week period, while the control groups continued with traditional physical education curricula. The resistance training skills battery (RTSB) and tuck jump assessment (TJA) assessed AMSC. Standing long jump distance assessed lower limb strength, and online surveys examined motivation, physical selfefficacy and self-esteem. Male and female intervention groups significantly improved RTSB (p > 0.05) whereas no changes were observed in the control groups. No changes were observed in the intervention groups TJA and only trivial and small non-significant changes in standing long jump performance. Significant increases in motivation of the male intervention group occurred. Strength and conditioning integrated in physical education can improve AMSC in short-term interventions.
Pullen, B.J., Oliver, J.L., Lloyd, R.S. and Knight, C.J. (2020) 'The Effects of Strength and Conditioning in Physical Education on Athletic Motor Skill Competencies and Psychological Attributes of Secondary School Children: A Pilot Study', Sports, 8(10), p.138. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8100138
Article published in Sports available open access at https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8100138
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))
- Sport Research Groups 
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
Gale, Nicola; Wasley, David; Roberts, Sioned; Backx, Karianne; Nelson, Annemarie; van Deursen, Robert; Byrne, Anthony (Springer, 2018-06-02)Purpose Patients with cancer frequently experience an involuntary loss of weight (in particular loss of muscle mass), defined as cachexia, with profound implications for independence and quality of life. The rate at which ...
Dobbs, Ian J. (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2020)Natural growth and maturation have been demonstrated to influence movement competency, strength, and power performance in males. However, little is known with regards to how maturational status influences these athletic ...
Tyler, Richard; Mackintosh, Kelly; Foweather, Lawrence; Edwards, Lowri Cerys; Stratton, Gareth (Elsevier, 2020-05-03)Objectives: This study aimed to quantify the relationships between enabling, predisposing and reinforcing ecological factors on motor competence and investigate potential sex, weight status, and school level differences. ...