The health benefits of passive heating and aerobic exercise: to what extent do the mechanisms overlap?
Clarke, Neil D.
Pugh, Christopher J. A.
Thake, C. Douglas
American Physiological Society
MetadataShow full item record
Exercise can induce numerous health benefits that can reduce the risk of chronic diseases and all-cause mortality, yet a significant percentage of the population do not meet minimal physical activity guidelines. Several recent studies have shown that passive heating can induce numerous health benefits, many of which are comparable to exercise, such as improvements to cardiorespiratory fitness, vascular health, glycaemic control and chronic low-grade inflammation. As such, passive heating is emerging as a promising therapy for populations who cannot perform sustained exercise or display poor exercise adherence. There appears to be some overlap between the cellular signalling responses that are regulated by temperature and the mechanisms that underpin beneficial adaptations to exercise, but detailed comparisons have not yet been made. Therefore, the purpose of this mini review is to assess the similarities and distinctions between adaptations to passive heating and exercise. Understanding the potential shared mechanisms of action between passive heating and exercise may help to direct future studies to implement passive heating more effectively and identify differences between passive heating and exercise induced adaptations.
Journal of Applied Physiology;
Cullen, T., Clarke, N.D., Hill, M., Menzies, C., Pugh, C.J., Steward, C.J. and Thake, C.D. (2020) 'The health benefits of passive heating and aerobic exercise: to what extent do the mechanisms overlap?', Journal of Applied Physiology. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00608.2020
Article published in Journal of Applied Physiology available at https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00608.2020
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))
- Import 
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
Brown, Peter; Hughes, Michael G.; Tong, Richard (2008)The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of previous warming on high-intensity intermittent running using nonmotorized treadmill ergometry. Ten male soccer players completed a repeated sprint test (10 × 6-second ...
The effect of warm-up on high-intensity, intermittent running using non-motorised treadmill ergometry. Brown, Peter; Hughes, Michael G.; Tong, Richard (2008)The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of previous warming on high-intensity intermittent running using nonmotorized treadmill ergometry. Ten male soccer players completed a repeated sprint test (10 × 6-second ...
A comparison of the effects of effleurage and passive rest on blood lactate removal in track athletes after exercise. Bitchell, Charlotte (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2015)The purpose of this study was to discover if sports massage had a greater effect on the removal of blood lactate after high intensity exercise when compared with passive rest. Nine university level track athletes (19.9 ...