The Role of Social Support in Machismo and Acceptance of Violence Among Adolescents in Europe. Lights4Violence Baseline Results
MetadataDangos cofnod eitem llawn
Purpose To analyze the potential association between social support, experiences of violence, and sociodemographic characteristics of adolescents and the likelihood of acceptance of violence and machismo in different European countries. Methods Cross-sectional design. We recruited 1,555 participants ages 13–16 from secondary schools in Alicante (Spain), Rome (Italy), Iasi (Romania), Matosinhos (Portugal), Poznan (Poland), and Cardiff (UK). We used linear regression models to identify how social support from teachers and parents, experiences of violence—dating violence, bullying, cyberbullying, abuse in childhood—and sociodemographic characteristics were associated with violent thinking, specifically: machismo and acceptance of violence. The analysis was stratified by sex. Results Acceptance of violence was higher for those who had lower perceived social support from parents (βgirls = −154, p < .001; βboys = −.114, p = .019) for both sexes. Perpetration of bullying and/or cyberbullying was associated with higher scores for machismo and acceptance of violence for both sexes (βgirls = .067, p = .035; βboys = .225, p < .001; (βgirls = .118, p < .001; βboys = .210, p < .001). Being the victim of dating violence, having suffered physical and/or sexual abuse in childhood, and lower perceived social support from teachers were associated with higher scores for both machismo and acceptance of violence. These associations differed between girls and boys. Conclusions Machismo and acceptance of violence are widely present amongst adolescents in different European countries. Our results suggest the importance of providing educational/psycho-educational interventions with boys and girls to prevent these attitudes and, in turn, prevent interpersonal violence, including bullying and dating violence.
Journal of Adolescent Health;
Pérez-Martínez, V., Sanz-Barbero, B., Ferrer-Cascales, R., Bowes, N., Ayala, A., Sánchez-SanSegundo, M., Albaladejo-Blázquez, N., Rosati, N., Neves, S., Vieira, C.P., Jankowiak, B.,et al (2020) 'The role of social support in machismo and acceptance of violence among adolescents in Europe, Lights4Violence baseline results', Journal of Adolescent Health. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.09.007
Dynodwr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.09.007
Article published in Journal of Adolescent Health available open access at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.09.007
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))
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Dating Violence Victimization among Adolescents in Europe: Baseline Results from the Lights4Violence Project Vives-Cases, C.; Sanz-Barbero, B.; Ayala, A.; Pérez-Martínez, V.; Sánchez-SanSegundo, M.; Jaskulska, S.; Antunes das Neves, A.S.; João Forjaz, M.; Py ̇zalski, J.; Bowes, Nicola; Costa, D.; Waszy ́nska, K.; Jankowiak, B.; Mocanu, V.; Davó-Blanes, M.C. (MDPI, 2021-02-03)Dating violence (DV) among adolescents is a public health issue because of its negative health consequences. In this study, we aimed to analyse the prevalence and the psychosocial and socioeconomic risk and protective ...
Appetitive aggression in offending youths: Contributions of callous unemotional traits and violent cognitive patterns Orjiakor, Charles; Weierstall, Roland; Bowes, Nicola; Eze, John; Ibeagha, Peace; Obi, Chuks (Springer, 2020-05-01)Appetitive aggression, marked by the derivation of positive affect from harming others has been observed mostly among youths in societies experiencing extreme violence. Perpetrators report craving violence, and find the ...
Lights4Violence: a quasi-experimental educational intervention in six European countries to promote positive relationships among adolescents. Vives-Cases, C.; Davó-Blanes, M.C.; Ferrer-Cascales, R.; Sanz-Barbero, B.; Albaladejo-Blázquez, N.; Sánchez-San Segundo, M.; Lillo-Crespo, M.; Bowes, Nicola; Neves, S.; Mocanu, V.; Carausu, E.M. (Springer Nature, 2019-04-08)Background Preventing intimate partner violence or dating violence (DV) among adolescents is a public health priority due to its magnitude and damaging short and long-term consequences for adolescent and adult health. In ...