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dc.contributor.authorCasabona, Antonino
dc.contributor.authorValle, Maria Stella
dc.contributor.authorDominante, Claudio
dc.contributor.authorLaudani, Luca
dc.contributor.authorOnesta, Maria Pia
dc.contributor.authorCioni, Matteo
dc.date.accessioned2021-01-05T14:23:38Z
dc.date.available2021-01-05T14:23:38Z
dc.date.issued2020-12-23
dc.identifier.citationCasabona, A., Valle, M.S., Dominante, C., Laudani, L., Onesta, M.P. and Cioni, M. (2020) 'Effects of Functional Electrical Stimulation Cycling of Different Duration on Viscoelastic and Electromyographic Properties of the Knee in Patients with Spinal Cord Injury', Brain Sciences, 11(1), p.7. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11010007en_US
dc.identifier.issn2076-3425
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10369/11255
dc.descriptionArticle published in Brain Sciences available open access at https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11010007en_US
dc.description.abstractThe benefits of functional electrical stimulation during cycling (FES-cycling) have been ascertained following spinal cord injury. The instrumented pendulum test was applied to chronic paraplegic patients to investigate the effects of FES-cycling of different duration (20-min vs. 40-min) on biomechanical and electromyographic characterization of knee mobility. Seven adults with post-traumatic paraplegia attended two FES-cycling sessions, a 20-min and a 40-min one, in a random order. Knee angular excursion, stiffness and viscosity were measured using the pendulum test before and after each session. Surface electromyographic activity was recorded from the rectus femoris (RF) and biceps femoris (BF) muscles. FES-cycling led to reduced excursion (p < 0.001) and increased stiffness (p = 0.005) of the knee, which was more evident after the 20-min than 40-min session. Noteworthy, biomechanical changes were associated with an increase of muscle activity and changes in latency of muscle activity only for 20-min, with anticipated response times for RF (p < 0.001) and delayed responses for BF (p = 0.033). These results indicate that significant functional changes in knee mobility can be achieved by FES-cycling for 20 min, as evaluated by the pendulum test in patients with chronic paraplegia. The observed muscle behaviour suggests modulatory effects of exercise on spinal network aimed to partially restore automatic neuronal processes.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherMDPIen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesBrain Sciences;
dc.titleEffects of Functional Electrical Stimulation Cycling of Different Duration on Viscoelastic and Electromyographic Properties of the Knee in Patients with Spinal Cord Injuryen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11010007
dcterms.dateAccepted2020-12-21
rioxxterms.funderCardiff Metropolitan Universityen_US
rioxxterms.identifier.projectCardiff Metropolian (Internal)en_US
rioxxterms.versionVoRen_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses /by/4.0/en_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2020-12-23
rioxxterms.funder.project37baf166-7129-4cd4-b6a1-507454d1372een_US


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