The role of perceived public and private green space in subjective health and wellbeing during and after the first peak of the COVID-19 outbreak
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Research has consistently shown that access to parks and gardens is beneficial to people’s health and wellbeing. In this paper, we explore the role of both public and private green space in subjective health and wellbeing during and after the first peak of the COVID-19 outbreak that took place in the UK in the first half of 2020. It makes use of the longitudinal COVID-19 Public Experiences (COPE) study, with baseline data collected in March/April 2020 (during the first peak) and follow-up data collected in June/July 2020 (after the first peak) which included an optional module that asked respondents about their home and neighbourhood (n = 5,566). Regression analyses revealed that both perceived access to public green space (e.g. a park or woodland) and reported access to a private green space (a private garden) were associated with better subjective wellbeing and self-rated health. In line with the health compensation hypothesis for green space, private gardens had a greater protective effect where the nearest green space was perceived to be more than a 10-minute walk away. This interaction was however only present during the first COVID-19 peak when severe lockdown restrictions came into place, but not in the post-peak period when restrictions were being eased. The study found few differences across demographic groups. A private garden was relatively more beneficial for men than for women during but not after the first peak. The results suggest that both public and private green space are an important resource for health and wellbeing in times of crisis.
Landscape and Urban Planning;
Poortinga, W., Bird, N., Hallingberg, B., Phillips, R. and Williams, D. (2021) 'The role of perceived public and private green space in subjective health and wellbeing during and after the first peak of the COVID-19 outbreak', Landscape and Urban Planning, 211, p.104092. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2021.104092
Article published in Landscape and Urban Planning available open access at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2021.104092
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))
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