Comparison of fitness levels between Elementary school children with autism spectrum disorder and age-matched neurotypically developing children
Lloyd, Rhodri S.
MetadataShow full item record
Low physical fitness is associated with reduced physical activity and increased cardiovascular diseases. To date, limited research has compared physical fitness levels between children with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Therefore, the primary aim was to investigate if differences in fitness levels exist between children with ASD and age-matched neurotypically developing children (ND). The second aim was to examine if age, sex, height and weight could be used to predict potential fitness levels. The third aim was to examine if the developmental trajectory of fitness is comparable between children with ASD and ND children. The modified Eurofit test battery was used to compare fitness levels between 244 children aged 4-13 years old (n = 152 ND and n = 92 ASD). Independent samples t-tests and regression analyses were used to investigate differences in fitness levels between the two groups. The results indicated that statistically significant differences exist in fitness levels between children with ASD when compared to ND children across all ages, favoring the ND children, with small to large effect sizes noted (p < 0.05, d = 0.36 – 1.13). Regression analysis could not accurately predict fitness measurements in children with ASD but could for ND children. The developmental trajectories were significantly delayed on the 20 m sprint and standing broad jump for children with ASD when compared to ND children. Future studies should seek to address the disparities in physical fitness experienced by children with ASD by using relevant neuromuscular interventions.
Coffey, C., Sheehan, D., Faigenbaum, A.D., Healy, S., Lloyd, R.S. and Kinsella, S. (2021) 'Comparison of fitness levels between elementary school children with autism spectrum disorder and age-matched neurotypically developing children', Autism research: official journal of the International Society for Autism Research. https://doi.org/10.1002/aur.2559
Article published in Autism Research available at https://doi.org/10.1002/aur.2559
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))
- Sport Research Groups 
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
Trajectory of auditory and language development in the early stages of pre-lingual children post cochlear implantation: A longitudinal follow up study Li, Gang; Zhao, Fei; Tao, Yong; Zhang, Lin; Yao, Xinyi; Zheng, Yun (Elsevier, 2019-10-11)Objectives The aim of this longitudinal follow-up study was to explore the trajectories of early auditory and language development in Mandarin speaking children younger than 3 years of age following switch-on of their ...
UBC-Nepal expedition: markedly lower cerebral blood flow in high-altitude Sherpa children compared with children residing at sea level Fluck, Daniela; Morris, Laura; Niroula, Shailesh; Tallon, Christine; Sherpa, Kami T.; Stembridge, Mike; Ainslie, Philip; McManus, Ali (American Physiological Society, 2017-10-01)Developmental cerebral hemodynamic adaptations to chronic high-altitude exposure, such as in the Sherpa population, are largely unknown. To examine hemodynamic adaptations in the developing human brain, we assessed common ...
A cluster randomised controlled trial comparing the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a school-based cognitive behavioural therapy programme (FRIENDS)in the reduction of anxiety and improvement in mood in children aged 9/10 years Stallard, P.; Skryabina, E.; Taylor, G.; Anderson, R.; Ukoumunne, O.; Daniels, H.; Phillips, Rhiannon; Simpson, N. (NIHR Journals Library, 2015-11)Background Anxiety in children is common, impairs everyday functioning and increases the risk of severe mental health disorders in adulthood, yet few children with anxiety are identified and referred for treatment. Objective ...