Mental well-being and physical activity of young people experiencing homelessness before and during COVID-19 lockdown: A longitudinal study
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Background While lockdown restrictions in response to COVID-19 indisputably mitigated virus transmission, the aim of this longitudinal study was to establish indirect effects on vulnerable young people's mental well-being and physical activity (PA) levels. Methods Surveys conducted at time 1 (February 2020), and time 2 (April 2020) comprised of the short Warwick Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and self-reported moderate and vigorous PA levels. Repeated measures analyses established changes pre-post lockdown restrictions, and differences between sub-groups. Associations between changes in well-being, self-esteem and PA over time were explored through further regression analyses. Results 65 respondents completed the survey at time 1, and 50 respondent at time 2. Wellbeing increased significantly over time, yet remained significantly lower than the population average. Self-esteem increased significantly post-lockdown, however remained significantly lower for females, compared with males. Overall, PA levels increased-whereby ‘inactive’ participants at time 1 reported significant increases in moderate and total activity levels at time 2. Increased PA levels significantly predicted increased well-being: F(1, 48) = 4.15, p < .05; while participants who had become less active accounted for 69.2% with low self-esteem at time 2. Conclusions Findings indicate that increased PA accounted for improved mental well-being, while decreased PA was associated with reduced levels of self-esteem. PA may represent a modifiable means of mitigating risk, and promoting resilience for vulnerable young people experiencing adverse conditions
Mental Health and Physical Activity;
Thomas, J., Bowes, N., Meyers, R. and Thirlaway, K. (2021) 'Mental well-being and physical activity of young experiencing homelessness before and during COVID-19 lockdown: A longitudinal study', Mental Health and Physical Activity, p.100407. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mhpa.2021.100407
Article published in Mental Health and Physical Activity available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mhpa.2021.100407
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))
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