The extent to which existing literature and research supports Healthboard guidelines on differing exercise intensities and types as a means of treating and managing Type 2 Diabetes
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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Abstract Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between exercise and type 2 diabetes. The specific aim of investigating the extent to which guidelines for exercising type 2 diabetes patients are in agreement with the relevant literature and research available on the management of type 2 diabetes through prescribed exercise was developed. Methods: Health authority guidelines were accessed via the individual health authority websites, while existing literature was identified through a computerized search of an online database (athens.ac.uk). The advice available to sufferers of type 2 diabetes from various health authorities (Diabetes UK, National Health Service, American College of Sports Medicine) was identified, the findings of existing research was scrutinized and the extent to which there was continuity between the two was examined. Results: It was found that guidelines advising low intensity exercise had their basis in relevant research and literature. There were other areas of literature that were not covered in the guidelines from health authorities; this was predominantly research that either concluded there were no treatment benefits to be gained from exercise or that increased frequencies and intensities of exercise can be used as a preventative measure against the disease. Conclusions: It was concluded that although the guidelines from the health authorities have their basis in relevant literature and research, there is still certain levels of ambiguity surrounding certain modes of exercise as a treatment of type 2 diabetes due to the complications associated with the disease. Thus further extensive research needs to be conducted to develop a definitive answer as to the frequency, intensity, time and type of exercise that is most beneficial to type 2 diabetes patients as well as a slight change of direction from the health boards to direct some of their attention to prevent and not only treat type 2 diabetes.
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