An investigation into gender differences in year nine pupils’ physical activity levels, attitudes toward physical education and motives towards participating in physical activity
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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Physical activity is said to improve physiological and psychological functioning of the body, guidelines have been implemented for children, adolescents and adults in accordance to these benefits. Aim: This study aimed to assess gender differences of physical activity levels, attitudes towards physical education and motives toward participating in physical activity in participants (n = 61) aged thirteen to fourteen (30 boys and 31 girls). Method: All participants completed a questionnaire provided to them. Data was input in to SPSS where different tests were conducted to assess any significant differences between boys and girls and the low PA group compared to the moderate to high PA group. Results: Boys and girls had generally low levels of PA but an overall positive attitude toward physical education. The main motive for participation in boys and girls was fun. Other top motives for girls were to stay in shape and be physically fit. Other motives for boys were to do something they are good at and to stay in shape. Conclusion: Further efforts need to be made to increase and maintain participation levels amongst adolescent boys and girls. Further research needs to be conducted in order to gain in-depth information on possible barriers toward participating in physical activity.
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