The Effect of Experience On Competitive Anxiety
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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The purpose of this study was to investigate how athletes of different experience levels perceive their symptoms of anxiety in terms of intensity and direction, and ultimately how they attempt to control these symptoms in order to perform. Both quantitative and qualitative approaches were used in the study as this approach that can strengthen the validity of the research (Gratton and Jones, 2004). The study was divided into two parts: the first involved participants (n=44) completing a Modified MRF and the second used interviews to attempted to provide a more explicit understanding of the impact on the interpretation of the symtoms associated with competitive anxiety (n=10). A one-way ANOVA was conducted to analyse the Modified MRF to establish if there was a difference in anxiety interpretations between the high and low anxiety groups but was found to be non-significant. The completition of causal networks from the interviews allowed composite sequence analysis maps to be created for each of the experience profile groups (Hanton et al., 2007). The latter findings of the study partially support the the work of Mellalieu et al. (2004) that suggest that the experience level of a performer may be a moderator of how individuals interpret anxiety related symptoms.
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