Investigating the effects of substituting a cigarette with exercise compared with distraction on urges to smoke
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
MetadataShow full item record
Intro: Previous research has investigated the effects of exercise and distraction on the desire to smoke. Findings have discovered that a greater intensity level of exercise has a bigger effect on cravings, yet is the length of exercise significant? This study examined the affects of multiple interventions to aid smoking cessation. Method: Following compulsory overnight abstinence 10 smokers were randomly assigned to conditions across three days: (i) 10 minutes distraction condition, (ii) 5 minutes of low intensity exercise- "moderate" and (iii) 15 minutes of low intensity exercise- "high". Both exercise interventions consisted of moderately paced walking; intensity was measured through Borg’s (1998), Ratings of Perceived Exertion. Participants did all three interventions and both pre and post condition the 13-item Questionnaire of Smoking Urges was completed. Results: A 3 way repeated ANOVA revealed that the longer "high" exercise condition had greater effect in reducing cravings to smoke compared to the "moderate" exercise condition and even more so when compared to distraction. Conclusions: This study has found that low intensity exercise has a greater influence on reducing the cravings to smoke compared to a distraction condition, specifically the longer 15 minute exercise intervention produced a greater decrease in cravings to smoke.
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
Lane, Sophie (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2015)Introduction: High blood pressure has been identified to largely contribute to cardiovascular disease. Regular exercise has been prescribed by medical organisations as a strategy to treat and prevent high blood pressure. ...
Affects of Varying Music Tempos on Task Performance Within Rugby Union Strength and Conditioning Training Sessions Thompson, Tim (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2015)The present study examined the effect of varying music tempo on task performance within three strength and conditioning sessions. Seven male university rugby union participants (mean ± s) (18.7 years ± 0.75 years old) ...
ASTHMATIC ATHLETES AND THE IMPACT OF SALBUTAMOL AND A HIGH INTENSITY INTERVAL WARM-UP ON THE BRONCHOCONSTRICTOR RESPONSE TO EXERCISE Newton, Kitty (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2015)Aim: The main aim of this thesis was to investigate the efficacy of high-intensity interval warm-up on the severity of Exercise Induced Bronchoconstriction (EIB), compared to an inhaled short-acting beta2-agonist and a ...