Does a pre event upper limb massage effect speed, agility and countermovement jump performance in female field hockey players
University of Wales
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Background- Massage is frequently utilized with a sport science setting however there is little evidence that supports its effectiveness (Goodwin, 2007). Field hockey is a commonly played sport however there is a sparse amount of data that provides information on physiology and time motion analysis which are essential in order to develop valid and effective training sessions (Hawley & Burke, 1998) and areas such as sports massage. Aim- No previous research has identified the effect of an upper limb massage of speed, agility and countermovement jump in female field hockey players. Participants- Eleven female participants from the 1st and 2nd squads at University of Wales Institute, Cardiff (UWIC) participated in this study. Design- A randomised cross over design was implemented. Participants were not provided with their performance data in order to eradicate any systematic bias. Methods- All participants took part in three interventions of dynamic warm up only (DWUO), massage only (MO) and dynamic warm up and massage (DWUAM) before completing three field tests of 30m sprint; countermovement jump (with arms) and pro agility. Each participant completed three trials of each test and testing took place across a three day period. Results- Data was analysed using SPSS (Chicago, IL, USA) and statistical difference was reported as p<0.05. No significant difference was found between all interventions of DWUO, MO and DWUAM across the 30m sprint, countermovement jump or pro agility. Split times recorded also showed no significant difference between intervention group (p>0.05) Conclusion- Massage cannot be advertised as beneficial to enhance performance and that a greater amount of time should be spent on the warm up prior to a game or race. Greater emphasis should be placed on sprinting technique by coaches in training sessions with a view to increase movement efficiency in team sports performers.
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