The Use of Performance Indicators for the Identification and Quantification of the Use of Possession by the Position of Scrum Half in Rugby Union, and, to Subsequently Determine Success Rates from the Performance Indicators to Describe Performance.
University of Wales
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The aim of this study was to create an analysis system that defines and quantifies the use of possession by the scrum half from breakdown and dead ball situations in rugby union and determine what the most used action was to best benefit the use of the generated possession, and secondly, was to establish the more successful way/s to make use of this possession. Ten games from the British and Irish Lions tour in 2009 to South Africa was observed in this study and performance indicators were identified and notated using a manual hand notation system. Performance profiles for each of the scrum halves on the tour were then constructed to aid in the comparison of the most used actions by the scrum halves and to help in determining success rates from these. Differences between the scrum halves were identified, as well as whether the success rate for the use of possession significantly impacted the scrum halves’ decision on how to use the possession generated at dead ball and breakdown situations. These were investigated using a Chi-Square test, with alpha levels set at p< 0.05. It was found that the wide pass was the most common action for use of possession and that this also had the highest success rate. The findings suggest that for some players, success rate has no significant impact on choice of possession use, as for Mike Blair and Harry Ellis, their most used possessions was not those with highest success rates. However, in order to establish findings which could be generalised scrum halves from different leagues, countries and playing standards should be looked at to help define a scrum half position profile.
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