A Quantitative Investigation into Key Stage Three Pupils Attitudes Towards Physical Activity
University of Wales
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The purpose of this investigation was to examine and compare possible age and gender differences in pupils’ attitudes towards physical activity. Additionally it identified the factors that affect attitude and participation. A validated attitude questionnaire was administered to males (n = 84) and females (n = 94) in Key Stage 3. The attitude questionnaire provided information on current levels of physical activity, intentions to take GCSE physical education, pupil age, school year group and gender. Physical activity was categorised into six elements, physical activity in school, physical activity outside of school, influencing others, play, health and well-being and body image. The results showed pupils generally had a positive attitude towards physical activity. Year 7 and 8 females had a more positive attitude toward physical activity than males in the same year; however, attitude significantly declined in year 9 females, below that of males. Females were increasing affected by body image issues associated with PA towards the end of KS3. Males were less affected by body image and increasingly enjoyed competitive physical activity more than females. All pupils with increasing age wanted more opportunities and variety of physical activity. As physical education is a compulsory subject in the national curriculum, it is a great method of promoting physical activity participation to the next generation of adults. Physical educators need to provide pupils with positive experiences, in order to foster positive attitudes towards physical activity. Key words: Attitude, physical activity, Key Stage 3
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