The Effect of the Coach on Self-Efficacy and Collective Efficacy of Female University Hockey Players.
University of Wales
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This study identified causal relationships between the coach and athletes’ self- and collective efficacy, the lack of research related to the coach as a specific source of self-efficacy and sport confidence provided the justification for the present study. Participants included eight female university hockey players. One day prior to the interview participants’ completed a preparation sheet; both positive and negative coach behaviours emerged for self- and collective efficacy. Causal networks were produced following the analysis of raw data transcripts for all eight semi-structured qualitative interviews. Causal networks revealed that coaches can have both a positive and negative impact on self- and collective efficacy and as a consequence either increase or decrease performance according to the specific situation. Results were discussed within the context of sources of efficacy information and sport confidence, and linked to previous literature on self-efficacy, collective efficacy and the coach effect on athletes’ efficacy beliefs. Implications of the findings show that coaches need to be aware of the effect they have on their athletes’ and be conscious of their behaviour in order to maximise self- and collective efficacy potentials within individual players and teams. They should also have knowledge relating to strategies in order to enhance efficacy beliefs. Recommended areas for further research were provided.
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