BARRIERS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE REDUCTION OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVELS IN YEAR 10 PUPILS AND THE INFLUENTIAL FACTORS THAT UNDERPIN THEIR SPORT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PARTICIPATION
University of Wales
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The benefits to be gained from physical activity are vast and should not be overlooked, many people do however choose to ignore these recommendations and continue living a sedentary lifestyle (Department of health, 2004a; Hill, 2005). Understanding the factors that both negatively and positively affect young people’s physical activity participation will contribute to the development of more accurate and successful initiatives created in attempt to improve their participation (Sallis et al., 1992; Trost et al., 2002). Previous studies in this area have established inconsistent results (Allender, 2006; SCW, 2006), highlighting the need for more research to be undertaken in order for conclusions to be drawn. The key aim of this research was to analyse the barriers that year 10 pupils encountered that negatively affect their physical activity levels and to also discover the factors that were most influential in motivating them to partake in exercise. In this study 94 year 10 pupils completed questionnaires consisting of both open and closed questions. Building on the data from the questionnaires one focus group consisting of four males was conducted in an attempt to discover more in depth information relating to barriers and motivations to the young people’s participation. The research identified that the majority of the young people who chose not to participate in physical education disliked the activities that were offered, it also highlighted that the main reason for not partaking in extra-curricular or out of school sport was a lack of interest. This was also the most commonly cited reason for dropping out or decreasing participation in physical activity. The research proposed that the influence parents and peers have on young people’s participation is highly significant. From reviewing this study the barriers that year 10 pupils face and the influences that are most prominent to their physical activity participation can be seen.
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