Qualitative Investigation into the Effect of Goal Setting on Self Efficacy in Female Football Players
University of Wales
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A qualitative research methodology was used to investigate the effect of goal setting on self efficacy in female football players. Semi structured interviews were conducted on seven players using an interview guide. The interviews were transcribed and coded based on grounded theory and case and cross case analysis were conducted on the data allowing for key themes to emerge. Three key themes were identified as, types of goals used, the issues of using team goals at an individual level and the effect of goals on self efficacy. All participants reported using performance and outcome goals more frequently than process goals. All participants reported that their individual goals facilitated the achievement of their team goals and conflict between individual and team goals was not found to be an issue. Goal setting, specifically the achievement of goals was found to enhance self efficacy which had a positive effect on performance. Lockes (1968) motivational goal setting mechanisms were linked with Bandura’s (1977) sources and proposed mechanisms of self efficacy, in order to examine these effects.
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