A Qualitative Investigation of the Effects of Type 1 Diabetes on Anxiety Levels in Everday Life
University of Wales
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This study investigates the relationship in type 1 diabetics between anxiety levels and day to day living. A mixed method design was used to collect data on state anxiety, trait anxiety and control. Semi structured interviews were used alongside questionnaires to collect the data. The sample comprised of 3 female and 4 male type 1 diabetics, ranging in age between 18-80years. The participants had no other known health conditions. The preliminary findings were increased state anxiety when sugar levels were at hypoglycaemic or hyperglycaemic levels, especially when there was no known reason for the change in levels. State anxiety also increased when participants were unable to follow a set routine because of circumstances outside their control. A common theme from the interviews included anger and frustration from participants about their condition, because of changes that had to be made to their lifestyle following being diagnosed with the condition. The majority of female participants associated feelings of embarrassment toward the condition, resulting in medication only being taken in private. Because of this study it is known that generally type 1 diabetics do suffer more from anxiety in everyday life. Knowing this type 1 diabetics should receive greater medical support if levels of anxiety are high enough to prevent them from normal day to day activities.
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