The impact of intensity, direction and self-confidence during performance of high standard golf players.
University of Wales
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the variation of intensity, direction and self-confidence during performance of professional and high standard amateur golfers who maintain a handicap of 5 or less. Semi-structured interviews were conducted on six participants (M age = 20.2 years, SD = 1.57) who met the study criteria. Interviews comprise questions that identify cognitive and somatic anxiety symptoms, particularly, intensity and direction, self-confidence and impact on subsequent performance. Two causal networks were developed (Causal Network A and Causal Network B) displaying interpretation of cognitive and somatic symptoms, via positive or negative variables, reasons for experiencing these symptoms before, during and after the critical incident and subsequent performance (positive or negative). The temporal nature of the study was identified as an important feature, in particular, the transfer from each phase of the incident highlights variation in interpretation, intensity and reasons at the moment they occurred. Results display self-confidence and control have a significant association with interpretation and intensity of anxiety. Specifically, all participants illustrated high self-confidence accompanied with positive interpretation and reduced intensity. Relaxation and other motivational mechanisms were displayed by all participants during the positive performance outcome. Conversely, an absence of psychological skills was demonstrated throughout the negative incident. Relaxation, increased self-confidence and imagery were identified as constructive psychological skills to develop for intervention programmes as anxiety reduction or restructuring.
BA Enterprise Project
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