|dc.description.abstract||Empowerment in coaching can be described as a tool which coaches use to promote athlete centered learning (Kidman, 2001). It has been suggested to be an important tool to utilise, with many benefits such as improved self-awareness, game-awareness and enriched learning. However research into the area has also shown there to be challenges to using the empowerment approach, both with athletes and with coaches (Jones and Standage, 2006).
The purpose of this study was to investigate how coaches use Empowerment and to provide insight into the different methods used; the benefits; and the challenges to such an approach. Six participants (mean: 41.8 /STD: 26 years) who have at least level 3 coaching experience were purposefully selected. All participants were interviewed one-on-one, (mean: 29mins /STD: 21mins) using open-ended questions in a semi-structured interview guide. Transcribed interviews were analysed and interpreted to produce key themes and relationships across participant experiences.
All participants identified such benefits as game-awareness, tactical improvements and motivation, which ran parallel to literature findings (Kidman 2001). Participants also identified challenges; with such themes as time constraints and peoples traditional views on coaching emerging, however it was believed that these could be overcome.
Results from the study indicated that there are many ways and methods in which Empowerment can be delivered, for example to athletes of all ages and abilities. These methods include questioning, teaching games for understanding and the use of orchestration.
The study highlighted the importance of gaining the correct balance of both power and coaching styles within empowerment.||