The differences in goal scoring patterns of play between elite and non-elite female hockey teams
University of Wales
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This study investigated whether there was a difference in goal scoring patterns of play between elite and non-elite field hockey teams. Ten (n=10) Women’s hockey matches were observed and analysed, allowing data to be collected from a total of 20 open play goals. For analysis and data collection purposes, the pitch was split up into 12 zones, via the markings on the pitch as well as left, middle and right channels. The attacking 'D' was also split up into 14 equal zones, representing the distance and direction to the goal. In order to satisfy the requirements identified in the aim, data was collected in regard to where the ball was turned over, where the ball entered the 'D', where in the 'D' the shot was taken from, what type of shot was used and where in the goal the ball finished. Analysis of games revealed, most turnovers for both teams occurred in the attacking half of the pitch (elite; 37%, non-elite; 43%) by an interception (n=71) or free hit (n=33). The elite teams enter the ‘D’ successfully the greatest amount of times (n=112), in which just over half was on the right hand side (55%). The non-elite teams entered the 'D' 104 times in which the majority was down the middle (45%). Out of the 20 goals scored the majority hit the backboard (n=14) in which 70% was to the right hand side of the goal. For the elite teams most goals were scored by a hit (50%) or deflection (30%). For the non-elite team the most successful shot on goal was the push (40%) or the sweep (30%). The results suggest that there is no immediate significant difference between elite and non-elite teams; however differences in patterns of play do arise.
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