An exploration of golf and voluntary environmental programmes
Smith, Mark Thomas
Taylor & Francis
MetadataShow full item record
Golf is a major and expanding sport, leisure and tourism activity with significant environmental impacts. The impacts of golf and other sports facilities are increasingly addressed through Voluntary Environmental Programmes (VEPs). Since the late-1980s, VEPs have gained popularity because they theoretically overcome the weaknesses of environmental legislation, improve environmental performance beyond minimum legal compliance and confer competitive advantage. Yet their effectiveness is contested and they are only partially accepted. There is very limited research on the growing participation of golf and other sports in VEPs. Our international review paper outlines the environmental impacts of golf, analyses the strategic ‘green’ pressures affecting the sport, reviews the theory and practice of VEPs, and draws conclusions on this under-researched field.
Journal of Environmental Planning and Management
Minoli, D. and Smith, M. T. (2011) "An exploration of golf and voluntary environmental programmes", Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 54: (7), pp.871-889.
Full text not available from this repository. Follow the enclosed URI link to the location of the full text.
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
Vibert, James (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2014)There have been a number of authors that has expressed the benefits of sport and physical activity (Kannel & Sorlie, 1979; Silvestri, 1997; Warburton, Nicol & Bredin 2006; Hardman & Stensel, 2009; World Health Organisation, ...
Evans, Alex (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2015)The study aims were twofold. To determine where (N=6) (27.17 + 6.01) male semiprofessional football players were more self-confident playing in relation to game location. To build upon this, the study aimed to explore ...
McGoona, Hannah (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2014)The aim of this study was to explore the reasons which motivate females over the age of 18 to participate in football in Wales. According to The Sports Council for Wales Active People Survey (2010) women aged 16-24 in ...