Comparison between footwear and incidence of lower limb musculoskeletal injuries in female hockey players
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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Introduction: An injury can be detrimental to any athletes career and whilst treatment is usually available, prevention is key. Sport specific footwear has been seen as a strategy to reduce the risk of lower limb musculoskeletal injuries but they are not always available to some amateur athletes. Methods: 34 female hockey players from Cardiff Metropolitan University took part in this study by completing a questionnaire. The questionnaire asked for information on footwear habits, training and match schedules, and previous and current lower limb musculoskeletal injuries. Participants included 18 players from the first team, 10 players from the second team and 6 players from the third team. Results: The average age of the participants was 20.5 ± 1.9 years (2 standard deviation). The majority of participants reported wearing hockey shoes and there was no significant difference between the types of shoes worn between the players in the three teams. The first team recorded the highest injury incidence however this is unsurprising given the number of participants from the first team. The most common injury recorded collectively was ankle sprain with 8 incidents. The firsts change their footwear more often. 72.5% of the first team usually change their shoes within 18 months compared to 50.0% of the second and 50.0% of the third team. Conclusion: It is difficult for valid conclusions to be made because of the low number of participants, however, this study does not show that sport specific hockey shoes help to prevent lower limb musculoskeletal injuries in amateur female hockey players. It is important that future research is undergone recruiting a much larger number of participants in order to collect information which may help to distinguish the relationship between footwear and injury to prevent unnecessary risks.
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