Varying Sports Nutrition of Female University Hockey Players, at Different Performance Levels.
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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Aim: The main aim of this project was to discover if there is a significant difference between the nutritional knowledge and practices of female university hockey players of varying ability. Approach: A questionnaire featuring both open and closed questions was handed out to a total of 60 members of the University Ladies Hockey Section. They were asked about their food and drink consumption around competition and also their knowledge of nutritional campaigns within sport. Results: The results showed that 58% more of the first team players made a conscious effort with their nutrition than the third team. The types of meals consumed prior to competition showed that the majority of both teams consumed a pasta dish, although there was a wider variety of food consumed by the third team. 33% more of the first team drank immediately before competition and an increased number refuelled at half time. In terms of fruit and vegetable consumption, 31% of the first team consume four or above portions a day, compared to 64% of the third team, 86% of whom make a conscious effort to buy fruit and vegetables. Conclusions: The main findings conclude that, on a whole, the first team players appear to consume higher amounts of carbohydrates around competition time and refuel well, yet their knowledge and use of the importance of the Five A Day Campaign is poor compared to that of the third team. The third team were well aware of these campaigns, including the Eatwell Plate and the majority were able to correctly answer that 33% of a plate should be filled with carbohydrates. The first team players generally overestimated the amount required, which could perhaps be down to the fact that their diet is regularly based around carbo-loading for competition.
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