Lower limb injury and foot posture in international and national level female footballers
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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In active individuals, pronated and supinated feet are more prone to injury than neutral feet. The aim of this study was to determine whether lower limb injuries suffered by female footballers has any relationship with their individual foot posture. An injury based questionnaire was completed by 42 international and national level female footballers who agreed to participate in this study. The subjects were aged between 18 and 24 [mean age=20.5years ± 1.4years] and were selected by their current competing level. Foot posture was then assessed through two measures; foot posture index-6 (FPI-6) and the navicular drop test. The participants’ left and right foot were then classified as pronated, neutral or supinated. Statistical analysis was carried out on each of the variables against injury where Pearson correlation values (r-values) were obtained. Positive linear relationships were produced between injury and two variables; dominant foot and navicular drop test for the left foot. Inversely proportional relationships on the other hand were found between injury and the remaining variables; FPI-6 and classification of foot type, both in the left foot, and navicular drop test, FPI-6 and classification of foot type, all in the right foot. The results from the one-way ANOVA suggested that grouped means were independent of each other; therefore the type of injury suffered was not related to foot classification. The relationship between left foot classification and right foot classification [p=0.623] indicated that overall foot classification was independent of one another. These results suggest that foot posture may be related to injury status, however further work on a much greater number of participants is required.
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