FACTORS INFLUENCING THE SELECTION OF TEACHING STYLES IN SECONDARY SCHOOL PHYSICAL EDUCTION
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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The main purpose of the study was to investigate the factors that influence secondary school Physical Education (PE) teachers’ selection of teaching styles during key stage three (KS3) lessons. Two experienced teachers (one male, one female) and two Newly Qualified Teachers (NQT’s) (one male, one female) from a comprehensive secondary school participated in the study. A qualitative research methodology was used through observing the teaching styles being implemented during two KS3 lessons by the participants and through semi-structured interviews. Observations indicated that participants were using more teaching styles from the production cluster than the reproduction cluster of Mosston and Ashworth’s Spectrum (2002). Furthermore, NQT’s were using more reproduction cluster teaching styles than the experienced teachers during the observations. Semi-structured interviews revealed that the weather, activity being taught, the learning outcomes, ability of pupils, maturity of the pupils and teaching experience were all factors that affected teachers teaching style selection. Moreover, they demonstrated that the participants teach in a way according to their teaching philosophies and that experienced teachers and NQT’s respectively appeared to teach in similar ways. Additionally, experience of being involved in teaching, the school environment and working with a variety of pupils allows teachers to develop their range of teaching styles. Future directions for research within this area may want to explore whether there is a relationship between pupils learning styles and their preferred teaching styles and to consider whether pupils learning styles affect teacher’s selection of teaching styles.
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