THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL SUPPORT UPON ADHERENCE TO REHABILITATION PROGRAMMES
Wareing, Gemma Louise
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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Aim- The main purpose of this study was to expand upon previous research and explain how important and beneficial social support is upon adherence behaviours of injured athletes. Sample- This study utilised a purposive sample of 4 female participants, competing in a variety of sports, at county and international levels. Methods- Data collection was via semi-structured interviews that allowed participants to reflect upon and articulate their experiences when injured. Data Analysis- The data was analysed, by thematic content analysis. Findings- Results A number of themes [n=5] emerged from the data, that confirmed findings of previous studies: 1) Social support provides injured athletes with confidence and subsequently motivation, therefore, increasing adherence; 2) Self-efficacy is developed through mediating variables such as tangible support and goal setting; 3) Social support is multidimensional, transient and temporal in nature; 4) Perception of social support is vital in order to achieve adherence behaviours; and 5) Participants found all three dimensions of support beneficial to adherence. Practical Implications- With regards to practical implications, it is important for practitioners to utilise social support to increase confidence of performers to achieve adherence behaviours. Furthermore measures should be taken to ensure that there is a perception of support availability to the injured performers. Future Research- Finally future research should focus on the relationship between social support, confidence and adherence to expedite the recovery from sport injury.
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