IDENTIFICATION AND CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF FACTORS AFFECTING DROP-OUT (ATTRITION) IN YOUTH (15-19YRS) SPORT (ORGANISED GAME/ACTIVITY) IN NORTH CARDIFF
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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In order to learn more about the motives that affect attrition in youth sport, the study conducted a questionnaire detailing student’s physical and sporting activity. In doing so, the enquiry also identified a number of factors associated within sports participation. This paper draws on a body of knowledge developed over 30 years through the work of George Torkildsen, a well established author who has been acknowledged for his contribution within sports and leisure studies. Quantitative in nature, this study engaged in a questionnaire, providing data to represent Cardiff High School’s student’s participation and attrition motives. The results hope to inform the teaching staff and others involved at Cardiff High School. The data provided seeks to reveal how the delivery of sport can be adapted and capture the imagination of more students. A number of themes have emerged as a result of the research. At the forefront of these themes are; parental influence on participation, transition from primary to secondary school key motives for attrition including understanding dropout behaviours and attrition by gender and age. The research reveals during the transition from primary to secondary school, highest rates of attrition occur. These outcomes from the study at Cardiff High School follow predicted behaviour from the literature review. The literature suggests that the barriers affecting participation remain the same and have done so for the past three decades. The most popular reason why students of Cardiff High School stop playing sport is that they feel that they have a lack of time. Students are most likely to stop playing sport between the age of twelve and thirteen (where transition occurs). The discussion concludes with the production of a theory, the “bottle neck theory” in an attempt to illustrate participation behaviour. The conclusion indicates the need for change within school sport delivery.
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