THE EXAMINATION OF STRESS AND EMOTION DURING COMPETITIVE PERFORMANCE
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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The purpose of this present study was to use a qualitative research design to explore the examination of whole stress and emotion process during competitive performance. Four participants volunteered to be participate in relation to their position, each participant were required to play a different position (e.g., goalkeeper, defender, midfielder, and striker). Self confrontational interviews of approximately 15 minutes in duration were developed to discuss stress and emotion experiences within recorded successful and unsuccessful performance incidents. From selected incidents during performance, this interview procedure allowed for an investigation of the entire stress and emotion process from initial stressors, appraisals (i.e., harm, threat, challenge, and benefit), emotions, coping strategies and impact on performance. The study’s findings show participants are able to have a greater ability to manage stressors and control emotions, which has an effect upon behaviour during performance after the majority of negative incidents. Furthermore, the findings demonstrated how performance incidents may be affected by more than one emotion in relation to the individual’s personal meaning of the event (i.e., the appraisal of the initial demand). Practical implications, strengths and weaknesses of the study, and recommendations for the direction of future research were also included.
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