THE INFLUENCE OF WARM-UP AND RE-WARM-UP ON PHYSIOLOGICAL PERFORMANCE IN FIELD HOCKEY
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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The aim of this study is to examine the effect of a performance specific pre-match and half time warm-up protocol, on the physiological performance of field hockey players within the initial sixteen minute period of the first and second half. Participants included 15 male university level hockey players from a range of outfield positions, who were training and competing in match-play twice a week (age 20.67 ± 2.38 years, stature 177.55 ± 5.25cm, body mass 75.32 ± 5.93kg).The design of this study required the participants to perform the Soccer-Simulation Protocol (SSP) (Stone et al., 2011), which was adapted to simulate the first sixteen minutes of the first and second half of a competitive hockey match. This was performed with two distinct preceding conditions, warm-up and no warm-up. Mean heart rate within the initial 2 minutes and 30 seconds (EP1) of the first and second activity blocks were 148 ± 8bpm and 151 ± 11bpm after a preceding warm-up, and 137 ± 6bpm and 146 ± 5bpm without a preceding warm-up. A significant difference in heart rate (P=0.008) was found between warm-up and no warm-up conditions (P<0.05) within this time frame. There was also a significant difference (P=0.014) in heart rate between activity blocks 1 and 2. A significant difference was noticed in VO2 between activity blocks 1 and 2 in both conditions (P=0.002) within EP1, but not over the whole activity block. A significant difference was found in 15m sprint time between warm-up and no warm-up conditions but not between activity blocks 1 and 2. Based on these findings an active warm-up and re-warm-up representative of match performance should be used in order to maximise performance, especially in subsequent sprint efforts.
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